inflation o medelklass
In 2003, 64 million people had an income that was less than half of the minimum wage, and while this had fallen in 2005 by around 7%, it represented more than 30% of the population, or 53.9 million people.
While the number of people living in extreme poverty (less than 25% of the minimum wage) reduced between 2003 and 2005, from 16% of the population to around 11%, this amounted to more than 20m people.
More recent data from the Brazilian National Statistics Institute (IBGE) brings encouraging news, with average incomes rising by 7.2% in 2006. The increase was biggest among the less well off, and in the north east.
Analyst Claudio Felisoni de Angelo of the University of Sao Paulo says while the situation has improved in the last five years, Brazil remains a deeply unequal society.
"One of the examples is that the best universities are public universities and the people that are able to get to the best universities are the people that are rich or the people in the middle class, the higher middle class."
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